The Picture of Dorian Gray is a Gothic and philosophical novel by Oscar Wilde, first published complete in the July 1890 issue of Lippincott's Monthly Magazine. Fearing the story was indecent, the magazine's editor deleted roughly five hundred words before publication without Wilde's knowledge. Despite that censorship, The Picture of Dorian Gray offended the moral sensibilities of British book reviewers, some of whom said that Oscar Wilde merited prosecution for violating the laws guarding public morality. In response, Wilde aggressively defended his novel and art in correspondence with the British press, although he personally made excisions of some of the most controversial material when revising and lengthening the story for book publication the following year. The longer and revised version of The Picture of Dorian Gray published in book form in 1891 featured an aphoristic preface—a defence of the artist's rights and of art for art's sake—based in part on his press defences of t

Oscar Fingal O'Flahertie Wills Wilde was an Irish poet, novelist and playwright more famous than her personal life than her literary career. In the 1890s he was one of the most popular playwrights in London. He is best to remember from his works like The Picture of Dorian Gray, witticism, plays and for his imprisonment (1895-1897) and early death at the age of 46. On his release, he left instantly for France, never to return to Ireland or Britain. There he wrote his last poem, The Ballad of Reading Gaol (1898), describing the harsh time of prison life. Born in an Anglo-Irish family his parents were successful intellectuals in Dublin. He was fluent in French at an early age and proofed himself to be an excellent classist. First, he went to Trinity College, Dublin and then at Oxford and was tutored under Walter Pater and John Ruskin. Then he came back to London. he published a poem, lectured in the U.S.A. and Canada on the new "English Renaissance in Art".

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