The Iliad is an ancient Greek epic poem in dactylic hexameter, traditionally attributed to Homer. Set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy by a coalition of Greek states, it tells of the battles and events during the weeks of a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles.

The Greek poet Homer is the alleged author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two immensely influential epic poems of ancient Greece. If he had truly composed them he is one of the most influential literary artists in the world and greatly affected the western standards and ideas. Scholars are uncertain whether he was a real person or not. He is believed to have lived about the 9th or 8th century BCE and was a native of Ionia, now Turkey. A poet in the oral tradition, his works were likely recorded by others. He is usually portrayed as blind. the Iliad and the Odyssey provided the foundation of Greek learning and culture throughout the Classical age and shaped the backbone of humane education down to the time of the Roman Empire and the spread of Christianity. the Homeric epics had a profound impact on the Renaissance culture of Italy after indirectly through the medium of Virgil’s Aeneid and directly through Italy when the Greek scholars who fled westward from the Ottomans.

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