A Journal of the Plague Year is an account of one man's experiences of the year 1665 when the bubonic plague hit the city of London and it is known as the Great Plague of London. It was first published in March 1722. The narrative is quite chronological although without sections or chapter headings, and with frequent parentheses and recurrences. The author was an eyewitness of the accounts during this time and wrote it in the previous era of its publication. Defoe was only five years old in 1665. So, the book is most likely based on his uncle, Henry Foe’s journals. In the book, Defoe goes to great lengths to represent a real picture of the pandemic by identifying specific neighbourhoods, streets, and even houses in which events took place. Moreover, it provides tables of fatality figures and describes the reliability of various accounts and stories found by the narrator. The book is often paralleled to the authentic, contemporary accounts of the plague in the record of Samuel Pepys.

Daniel Defoe born as Daniel Foe is most famous for his novel Robinson Crusoe which is the most second most translated book after The Bible. He was an outstanding and prolific writer and produced more than 300 works books, pamphlets, and journals—on diverse topics, including politics, crime, religion, marriage, psychology, and the supernatural. He forged the way for business and economic journalism. He was probably born in Fore Street in the parish of St Giles Cripplegate, London. He added the "De" to his name so it sounds aristocratic. He lost his mother Annie at the age of 10. His father, James Foe, was a wealthy candle merchant and a member of the Worshipful Company of Butchers. In Defoe's early life, he went through a few historical but unusual events in English history like the great plague, the Great Fire of London and a Dutch fleet attacked Chatham when he was 7. Defoe went to the Rev. James Fisher's boarding school in Surrey.

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