Great Expectations is the thirteenth novel by Charles Dickens and his penultimate completed novel: a bildungsroman that depicts the personal growth and personal development of an orphan nicknamed Pip. It is Dickens's second novel, after David Copperfield, to be fully narrated in the first person.
Born in Portsmouth, Charles John Huffam Dickens FRSA is one of the best known English novelist of the Victorian era. Even now, his works are considered classics. When his father was taken to the debtors prison he left school and worked in factory. Regardless of his lack of formal education, he edited a weekly journal for 20 years, wrote 15 novels, five novellas, hundreds of short stories and non-fiction articles, lectured and performed readings extensively, was an active letter writer, and campaigned vigorously for children's rights, education, and other social reforms. Within the publication of Pickwick Papers in 1836, he had become an international literary celebrity, famous for his humor, satire, and keen observation of character and society. He established serial publication with Cliffhanger endings of narrative fiction, which became the leading Victorian publication form. He was highly praised by his contemporaries like Leo Tolstoy to George Orwell, G. K. Chesterton.